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February 8, 2013

Indiana House passes criminal records expungement bill

Some class B and C felonies could be erased by judges if law passes

INDIANAPOLIS — Legislation that would give judges much more discretion to erase the criminal records of people who could show they’ve redeemed themselves is headed to the state Senate.

On Tuesday, the House voted 82 to 17 to approve a bill that would allow for some arrests and convictions to be expunged, after a waiting period.

Supporters of House Bill 1482 say it’s aimed at helping ex-offenders with long-ago, nonviolent arrests and convictions clear their records to make it easier for them to find work and to access other opportunities often denied to ex-offenders. 

“People are starting to realize that we’ve been labeling some people as bad guys when they’re just people who’ve made bad decisions and made mistakes,” said Republican state Rep. Jud McMillin, a former deputy prosecutor from Brookville and co-author of the bill.

Indiana has a criminal records “sealing” law that allows people with long-ago, low-level arrests or convictions to get a court order to shield that record from public view. But it only applies to certain misdemeanors and class D felonies.

The expungement bill goes further: It allows judges to expunge — or virtually erase — some class B and class C felonies from the records. Arrest and conviction records that are eligible to be sealed under the current law would also be eligible to be expunged.

There are limits: There is a waiting period of at least five years after a sentence is completed; violent crimes and sex crimes couldn’t be expunged; and the persons seeking expungements would have to show they’d stayed out of trouble.  

Similar legislation failed to make it through several past sessions, but it’s picking up a broad base of support.

In the House, two conservative Republicans from rural areas, McMillin and state Rep. Eric Turner of Cicero, carried the bill with two Democrats from Indianapolis: state Rep. Greg Porter and state Rep. Vanessa Summers. 

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